The second smallest Slovenian region by population lies in the southern part of the country and extends all the way to the Croatian border in the south. Its larger eastern part consists of the waterless Sneznik mountains where all surface water disappears underground through permeable limestone bedrock and flows through unknown channels towards lower-lying karst valleys or "poljes", where it comes out as abundant karst springs. The entire eastern part of the region is covered with vast forests, and the only settlements can be found in and around the Ljubljanica river in the north-east where three poljes lie like fertile oases in the middle of forests. All other settlements in the region are located in its western part, especially in the Postojna Basin with Postojna as the regional centre, and in the fertile Upper Reka valley where Ilirska Bistrica is the main town.
Notranjsko-kraska region is divided among 6 municipalities. The region's spectacular karst phenomena are among the most famous landscape features in the world. They had already attracted considerable international attention in the 17th century, thanks to the first descriptions reported by local and foreign authors. Especially well known are the intermittent Lake Cerknica and the almost 20 km long Postojna cave, which was discovered in 1818. It is, therefore, hardly surprising that one of the most important karst research institutes is located in Postojna.
Most popular places to buy real-estate (flat, apartment, house, luxury villa, land or business/commercial property) in Notranjsko-kraska region are Postojna, Cerknica, Ilirska Bistrica, Pivka, etc. The main regional centre is Postojna, situated by the Postojna pass on an important transport route. Other towns include Ilirska Bistrica in the Reka valley, Cerknica in the Cerknica polje and the railway junction Pivka.
The most distinctly karst region in Slovenia occupies 7.2% of the national territory and is composed of four parts. The larger eastern part comprises the completely waterless Sneznik and Javorniki karst mountain ranges covered with fir and beech forests (the highest peak Veliki Sneznik, 1 796 m). To the north lies the Notranjska valley system, a series of poljes which descend towards the Ljubljana Basin, with the largest of them being the Cerknica polje, covering 49 km². The 530-580 m high Pivka area, including the Postojna basin, forms the western foothills of the mountains. The southern part of the region is comprised of the 2 km wide valley along the upper Reka river and the Brkini flysch hills with villages on wide panoramic ridges. Get your own property in Notranjsko-kraska region.
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